Aave V2分析(二)

AaveV2分析(二)书接上文,本篇我们从代码分析了Deposit,Withdraw的逻辑Borrowfunctionborrow(addressasset,uint256amount,uint256interestRateMode,uin

Aave V2分析(二)

书接上文,本篇我们从代码分析了Deposit,Withdraw的逻辑

Borrow

  function borrow(
    address asset,
    uint256 amount,
    uint256 interestRateMode,
    uint16 referralCode,
    address onBehalfOf
  ) external override whenNotPaused {
    DataTypes.ReserveData storage reserve = _reserves[asset];

    _executeBorrow(
      ExecuteBorrowParams(
        asset,
        msg.sender,
        onBehalfOf,
        amount,
        interestRateMode,
        reserve.aTokenAddress,
        referralCode,
        true
      )
    );
  }

不同于deposit与withdraw将逻辑全放在里面,borrow进行了包装,将逻辑放在_executeBorrow函数中。

接下来,我们逐步分析_executeBorrow函数。

在函数中首先获取基本的借贷信息,包括代币资产储备池,借贷人的配置信息。

    DataTypes.ReserveData storage reserve = _reserves[vars.asset];
    DataTypes.UserConfigurationMap storage userConfig = _usersConfig[vars.onBehalfOf];

然后把借贷的代币按照市场价格转换成ETH的数量

    address oracle = _addressesProvider.getPriceOracle();
    uint256 amountInETH =
      IPriceOracleGetter(oracle).getAssetPrice(vars.asset).mul(vars.amount).div(
        10**reserve.configuration.getDecimals()
      );

然后验证借贷是否合规

    ValidationLogic.validateBorrow(
      vars.asset,
      reserve,
      vars.onBehalfOf,
      vars.amount,
      amountInETH,
      vars.interestRateMode,
      _maxStableRateBorrowSizePercent,
      _reserves,
      userConfig,
      _reservesList,
      _reservesCount,
      oracle
    );

然后更新复利序列

    reserve.updateState();

    uint256 currentStableRate = 0;

    bool isFirstBorrowing = false;

然后执行借款,并根据是固定利率借款还是浮动利率借款铸造债务代币debtToken

    if (DataTypes.InterestRateMode(vars.interestRateMode) == DataTypes.InterestRateMode.STABLE) {
      currentStableRate = reserve.currentStableBorrowRate;

      isFirstBorrowing = IStableDebtToken(reserve.stableDebtTokenAddress).mint(
        vars.user,
        vars.onBehalfOf,
        vars.amount,
        currentStableRate
      );
    } else {
      isFirstBorrowing = IVariableDebtToken(reserve.variableDebtTokenAddress).mint(
        vars.user,
        vars.onBehalfOf,
        vars.amount,
        reserve.variableBorrowIndex
      );
    }

然后此时更新利率

    reserve.updateInterestRates(
      vars.asset,
      vars.aTokenAddress,
      0,
      vars.releaseUnderlying ? vars.amount : 0
    );

最后转移借贷的资产给用户

    if (vars.releaseUnderlying) {
      IAToken(vars.aTokenAddress).transferUnderlyingTo(vars.user, vars.amount);
    }

Debt Token

Debt Token分固定利率的debt token和浮动利率的debt token

固定利率debt token

首先要明白的固定利率并非不会发生变化,只是不会随着市场波动而已。

其实固定利率每个block都会发生变化,因此计算用户利息时使用的是用户的加权平均利率。

更新固定利率债务步骤如下:

1 用户打算借入amount1 数目的代币

2 AAVE获取当前账户中的debt token数目

3 按照复利计算,最近一次贷款时间到现在累计的本息

4 通过mint的方式,将(amount1+累计的本息)个debt token 转移到用户账户

5 更新用户的最新贷款时间为当前block.timestamp

  function mint(
    address user,
    address onBehalfOf,
    uint256 amount,
    uint256 rate
  ) external override onlyLendingPool returns (bool) {
    MintLocalVars memory vars;

    if (user != onBehalfOf) {
      _decreaseBorrowAllowance(onBehalfOf, user, amount);
    }

    (, uint256 currentBalance, uint256 balanceIncrease) = _calculateBalanceIncrease(onBehalfOf);

    vars.previousSupply = totalSupply();
    vars.currentAvgStableRate = _avgStableRate;
    vars.nextSupply = _totalSupply = vars.previousSupply.add(amount);

    vars.amountInRay = amount.wadToRay();

    vars.newStableRate = _usersStableRate[onBehalfOf]
      .rayMul(currentBalance.wadToRay())
      .add(vars.amountInRay.rayMul(rate))
      .rayDiv(currentBalance.add(amount).wadToRay());

    require(vars.newStableRate <= type(uint128).max, Errors.SDT_STABLE_DEBT_OVERFLOW);
    _usersStableRate[onBehalfOf] = vars.newStableRate;

    //solium-disable-next-line
    _totalSupplyTimestamp = _timestamps[onBehalfOf] = uint40(block.timestamp);

    // Calculates the updated average stable rate
    vars.currentAvgStableRate = _avgStableRate = vars
      .currentAvgStableRate
      .rayMul(vars.previousSupply.wadToRay())
      .add(rate.rayMul(vars.amountInRay))
      .rayDiv(vars.nextSupply.wadToRay());

    _mint(onBehalfOf, amount.add(balanceIncrease), vars.previousSupply);

    emit Transfer(address(0), onBehalfOf, amount);

    emit Mint(
      user,
      onBehalfOf,
      amount,
      currentBalance,
      balanceIncrease,
      vars.newStableRate,
      vars.currentAvgStableRate,
      vars.nextSupply
    );

    return currentBalance == 0;
  }

依然是先定义了一个数据结构,保存mint所需的数据

  struct MintLocalVars {
    uint256 previousSupply;
    uint256 nextSupply;
    uint256 amountInRay;
    uint256 newStableRate;
    uint256 currentAvgStableRate;
  }

这个出现了两个利率,一个是newStableRate,另一个是currentAvgStableRate,会在后面解释。然后获得贷款人余额信息。

 (, uint256 currentBalance, uint256 balanceIncrease) = _calculateBalanceIncrease(onBehalfOf);

这个函数返回了上一次交互的余额,当前余额和累计利息。然后再获取debt token总个数和平均固定利率。

    vars.previousSupply = totalSupply();
    vars.currentAvgStableRate = _avgStableRate;
    vars.nextSupply = _totalSupply = vars.previousSupply.add(amount);
    vars.amountInRay = amount.wadToRay();

然后计算用户的固定利率债务的加权成本

  vars.newStableRate = _usersStableRate[onBehalfOf]
      .rayMul(currentBalance.wadToRay())
      .add(vars.amountInRay.rayMul(rate))
      .rayDiv(currentBalance.add(amount).wadToRay());

请注意,这里计算的是针对单个用户的固定利率债务利率。然后更新用户的平均固定利率,接下来,整个储备池的平均固定利率也需要被更新

    _usersStableRate[onBehalfOf] = vars.newStableRate;

    //solium-disable-next-line
    _totalSupplyTimestamp = _timestamps[onBehalfOf] = uint40(block.timestamp);

    // Calculates the updated average stable rate
    vars.currentAvgStableRate = _avgStableRate = vars
      .currentAvgStableRate
      .rayMul(vars.previousSupply.wadToRay())
      .add(rate.rayMul(vars.amountInRay))
      .rayDiv(vars.nextSupply.wadToRay()); 

最后铸造debt token,mint操作被包装到了_mint函数中。

  function _mint(
    address account,
    uint256 amount,
    uint256 oldTotalSupply
  ) internal {
    uint256 oldAccountBalance = _balances[account];
    _balances[account] = oldAccountBalance.add(amount);

    if (address(_incentivesController) != address(0)) {
      _incentivesController.handleAction(account, oldTotalSupply, oldAccountBalance);
    }
  }

就是做一个简单的加法而已。

浮动利率debt token

大致与铸造固定利率Debt toekn的反法一致。铸造可变利率Debt token的不同之处,在于用户debt token需要根据动态的利率进行调整,计息。

  function mint(
    address user,
    address onBehalfOf,
    uint256 amount,
    uint256 index
  ) external override onlyLendingPool returns (bool) {
    if (user != onBehalfOf) {
      _decreaseBorrowAllowance(onBehalfOf, user, amount);
    }

    uint256 previousBalance = super.balanceOf(onBehalfOf);
    uint256 amountScaled = amount.rayDiv(index);
    require(amountScaled != 0, Errors.CT_INVALID_MINT_AMOUNT);

    _mint(onBehalfOf, amountScaled);

    emit Transfer(address(0), onBehalfOf, amount);
    emit Mint(user, onBehalfOf, amount, index);

    return previousBalance == 0;
  }

首先获取用户账户上的debt token数量,然后使用浮动利率复利因子贴现铸造的amount。至于为什么这样算,原理与deposit类似,就不赘述了。

Repay

  function repay(
    address asset,
    uint256 amount,
    uint256 rateMode,
    address onBehalfOf
  ) external override whenNotPaused returns (uint256) {
    DataTypes.ReserveData storage reserve = _reserves[asset];

    (uint256 stableDebt, uint256 variableDebt) = Helpers.getUserCurrentDebt(onBehalfOf, reserve);

    DataTypes.InterestRateMode interestRateMode = DataTypes.InterestRateMode(rateMode);

    ValidationLogic.validateRepay(
      reserve,
      amount,
      interestRateMode,
      onBehalfOf,
      stableDebt,
      variableDebt
    );

    uint256 paybackAmount =
      interestRateMode == DataTypes.InterestRateMode.STABLE ? stableDebt : variableDebt;

    if (amount < paybackAmount) {
      paybackAmount = amount;
    }

    reserve.updateState();

    if (interestRateMode == DataTypes.InterestRateMode.STABLE) {
      IStableDebtToken(reserve.stableDebtTokenAddress).burn(onBehalfOf, paybackAmount);
    } else {
      IVariableDebtToken(reserve.variableDebtTokenAddress).burn(
        onBehalfOf,
        paybackAmount,
        reserve.variableBorrowIndex
      );
    }

    address aToken = reserve.aTokenAddress;
    reserve.updateInterestRates(asset, aToken, paybackAmount, 0);

    if (stableDebt.add(variableDebt).sub(paybackAmount) == 0) {
      _usersConfig[onBehalfOf].setBorrowing(reserve.id, false);
    }

    IERC20(asset).safeTransferFrom(msg.sender, aToken, paybackAmount);

    IAToken(aToken).handleRepayment(msg.sender, paybackAmount);

    emit Repay(asset, onBehalfOf, msg.sender, paybackAmount);

    return paybackAmount;
  }

首先获取债务信息和利率信息,然后验证操作是否合规。

    DataTypes.ReserveData storage reserve = _reserves[asset];

    (uint256 stableDebt, uint256 variableDebt) = Helpers.getUserCurrentDebt(onBehalfOf, reserve);

    DataTypes.InterestRateMode interestRateMode = DataTypes.InterestRateMode(rateMode);

    ValidationLogic.validateRepay(
      reserve,
      amount,
      interestRateMode,
      onBehalfOf,
      stableDebt,
      variableDebt
    );

然后根据债务总数,确定实际可还数量。

    uint256 paybackAmount =
      interestRateMode == DataTypes.InterestRateMode.STABLE ? stableDebt : variableDebt;

    if (amount < paybackAmount) {
      paybackAmount = amount;
    }

然后更新复利序列索引。

reserve.updateState();

再根据债务属性,调用不同的接口销毁债务代币。

 if (interestRateMode == DataTypes.InterestRateMode.STABLE) {
      IStableDebtToken(reserve.stableDebtTokenAddress).burn(onBehalfOf, paybackAmount);
    } else {
      IVariableDebtToken(reserve.variableDebtTokenAddress).burn(
        onBehalfOf,
        paybackAmount,
        reserve.variableBorrowIndex
      );
    }

更新利率,检查剩余债务。

    address aToken = reserve.aTokenAddress;
    reserve.updateInterestRates(asset, aToken, paybackAmount, 0);

最后处理aToken。

    IERC20(asset).safeTransferFrom(msg.sender, aToken, paybackAmount);
    IAToken(aToken).handleRepayment(msg.sender, paybackAmount);

销毁浮动债务

由于引入了variableBorrowIndex 更新复利,所以销毁变得极其简单,只要从总额中扣除贴现后的amount即可。

  function burn(
    address user,
    uint256 amount,
    uint256 index
  ) external override onlyLendingPool {
    uint256 amountScaled = amount.rayDiv(index);
    require(amountScaled != 0, Errors.CT_INVALID_BURN_AMOUNT);

    _burn(user, amountScaled);

    emit Transfer(user, address(0), amount);
    emit Burn(user, amount, index);
  }

销毁固定债务

相较于浮动利率,销毁固定债务的流程就复杂的多。 首先获得包含了复利的debt token数currentBalance,以及上次更新到现在的利息增量balanceIncrease。

(, uint256 currentBalance, uint256 balanceIncrease) = _calculateBalanceIncrease(user);

然后定义一些需要的变量。

    uint256 previousSupply = totalSupply();
    uint256 newAvgStableRate = 0;
    uint256 nextSupply = 0;
    uint256 userStableRate = _usersStableRate[user];

然后处理利率不一致导致的对账对不上的问题。

这里处理两种情况,第一个由于复利计算方式的微小差异,客户销毁的debt token数目大于等于现有的reserve supply数目。此时就设置 _totalSupply=0。第二个是按照用户的利率计算的debt token 利息大于整个储备池的debt token平均利息,则设置_totalSupply =0。

    if (previousSupply <= amount) {
      _avgStableRate = 0;
      _totalSupply = 0;
    } else {
      nextSupply = _totalSupply = previousSupply.sub(amount);
      uint256 firstTerm = _avgStableRate.rayMul(previousSupply.wadToRay());
      uint256 secondTerm = userStableRate.rayMul(amount.wadToRay());
      if (secondTerm >= firstTerm) {
        newAvgStableRate = _avgStableRate = _totalSupply = 0;
      } else {
        newAvgStableRate = _avgStableRate = firstTerm.sub(secondTerm).rayDiv(nextSupply.wadToRay());
      }
    }

然后处理用户偿还的债务,清零并且校对用户的最新时间为当前block生成时间。

    if (amount == currentBalance) {
      _usersStableRate[user] = 0;
      _timestamps[user] = 0;
    } else {
      _timestamps[user] = uint40(block.timestamp);
    }
      _totalSupplyTimestamp = uint40(block.timestamp);

如果用户从上次交互到现在累计的债务复利已经超过了此次偿还的金额,那么优先抵扣这部分债务,再将剩余债务铸造token debt。否则直接从偿还金额中扣除债务复利后,再销毁剩余的代币。

    if (balanceIncrease > amount) {
      uint256 amountToMint = balanceIncrease.sub(amount);
      _mint(user, amountToMint, previousSupply);
      emit Mint(
        user,
        user,
        amountToMint,
        currentBalance,
        balanceIncrease,
        userStableRate,
        newAvgStableRate,
        nextSupply
      );
    } else {
      uint256 amountToBurn = amount.sub(balanceIncrease);
      _burn(user, amountToBurn, previousSupply);
      emit Burn(user, amountToBurn, currentBalance, balanceIncrease, newAvgStableRate, nextSupply);
    }
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