以太坊私链转账挖矿后仍然不成功,请高手指教;私链启动后ip不是127.0.0.1,不确定是否是这个原因,如果是这个原因怎么解决?

具体操作步骤 一、配置创世区块

{
    "config":{"chainId":15},
    "difficulty":"2000",
    "gasLimit":"2100000",
    "alloc":{
        "AD9E4555F515132aa94626555A14cdff1e86F0df":{"balance":"300000"}
    }
}

二、启动私链

geth --datadir . --networkid 15  console 2>output.log

启动信息如下:

WARN [12-16|18:54:11.754] Sanitizing cache to Go's GC limits     provided=1024 updated=656
INFO [12-16|18:54:11.756] Maximum peer count                       ETH=50 LES=0 total=50
INFO [12-16|18:54:11.756] Smartcard socket not found, disabling    err="stat /run/pcscd/pcscd.comm: no such file or directory"
INFO [12-16|18:54:11.792] Set global gas cap                       cap=25000000
INFO [12-16|18:54:11.792] Allocated trie memory caches      clean=163.00MiB dirty=164.00MiB
INFO [12-16|18:54:11.792] Allocated cache and file handles         database=/home/yjh/ETHProject/chain_test/geth/chaindata cache=328.00MiB handles=524288
INFO [12-16|18:54:11.972] Opened ancient database                  database=/home/yjh/ETHProject/chain_test/geth/chaindata/ancient
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.023] Initialised chain configuration          config="{ChainID: 15 Homestead: <nil> DAO: <nil> DAOSupport: false EIP150: <nil> EIP155: <nil> EIP158: <nil> Byzantium: <nil> Constantinople: <nil> Petersburg: <nil> Istanbul: <nil>, Muir Glacier: <nil>, YOLO v2: <nil>, Engine: unknown}"
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.023] Disk storage enabled for ethash caches   dir=/home/yjh/ETHProject/chain_test/geth/ethash count=3
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.023] Disk storage enabled for ethash DAGs     dir=/home/yjh/.ethash count=2
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.023] Initialising Ethereum protocol           versions="[65 64 63]" network=15 dbversion=8
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.057] Loaded most recent local header          number=354 hash="702ea3…43085e" td=50067798 age=3h22m47s
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.057] Loaded most recent local full block      number=354 hash="702ea3…43085e" td=50067798 age=3h22m47s
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.057] Loaded most recent local fast block      number=354 hash="702ea3…43085e" td=50067798 age=3h22m47s
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.059] Setting new local account                address=0x55Db8f37a9c6C226cf2eaf88874E68267aDa9fbE
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.059] Setting new local account                address=0x960e9241A17C7e095E8480870D4d381e8a550163
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.059] Loaded local transaction journal         transactions=4 dropped=0
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.060] Regenerated local transaction journal    transactions=4 accounts=2
WARN [12-16|18:54:12.060] Switch sync mode from fast sync to full sync 
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.060] Starting peer-to-peer node               instance=Geth/v1.9.25-stable-e7872729/linux-amd64/go1.15.6
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.204]** New local node record                    seq=20 id=9f7835f47763f20f ip=127.0.0.1 udp=30303 tcp=30303**
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.206] IPC endpoint opened                      url=/home/yjh/ETHProject/chain_test/geth.ipc
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.216] Started P2P networking                   self=enode://05fb77fd38daac2cfc79da9e71c337ddffd2e566dfb8e14aa5828d0dadc4e860a78b67456c46630836367334d2797eb21a6c49b1aac179afbbf7cb2a84356e90@127.0.0.1:30303
INFO [12-16|18:54:12.304] Etherbase automatically configured       address=0x960e9241A17C7e095E8480870D4d381e8a550163
INFO [12-16|18:54:20.996] New local node record                    seq=21 id=9f7835f47763f20f ip=111.200.193.19 udp=56985 tcp=30303
INFO [12-16|18:54:32.216] Looking for peers                        peercount=1 tried=72 static=0

节点信息为

> admin.nodeInfo
{
  enode: "enode://05fb77fd38daac2cfc79da9e71c337ddffd2e566dfb8e14aa5828d0dadc4e860a78b
67456c46630836367334d2797eb21a6c49b1aac179afbbf7cb2a84356e90@111.200.193.19:30303?discport=56985",
  enr: "enr:-J-4QP4DjNwW5496EtMnlXIsTG6p6RYw_n4wzdbHuB50GhqLXrbaOmMl7xeLUdPAU
mniXpyEKG7nBWjk7WjFDo5MJa0Vg2V0aMfGhCE1fqGAgmlkgnY0gmlwhG_IwROJc2VjcDI1NmsxoQIF-3f9ONqsLPx52p5xwzfd_9LlZt-44Uqlgo0NrcToYIN0Y3CCdl-DdWRwgt6ZhHVkcDaCdl8",
  id: "9f7835f47763f20fe1e36f22e04c1ec61f2eb2ea088650ee89ad3fea9e04df9f",
  ip: "111.200.193.19",
  listenAddr: "[::]:30303",
  name: "Geth/v1.9.25-stable-e7872729/linux-amd64/go1.15.6",
  ports: {
    discovery: 56985,
    listener: 30303
  },
  protocols: {
    eth: {
      config: {
        chainId: 15,
        eip150Hash: "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
      },
      difficulty: 50067798,
      genesis: "0x35ed2d9b249e6d76635f7f9502b6c1377ea5198458b6a3b678ab7b0bbcdd89f8",
      head: "0x702ea3e85c260edd9f2be3c9d7ae3d20c79a64ad44a1cbcb26b4aca61643085e",
      network: 15
    }
  }
}

三、创建了两个账户,通过挖矿都有以太

> web3.fromWei(eth.getBalance(eth.accounts[0]))
1200
> web3.fromWei(eth.getBalance(eth.accounts[1]))
570

四、估计交易gas消耗,转账(期间账户解锁成功)生成交易hash

> eth.estimateGas({from:eth.accounts[0],to:eth.accounts[1],value:web3.toWei(10,'ether')})
21000
> eth.sendTransaction({from:eth.accounts[0],to:eth.accounts[1],value:web3.toWei(10,'ether')})
"0x5a3687165263503df5d38db988c0e8c294f3ea2c9999fb13ef39bebbc3e2b529"

五、挖矿

> miner.start(1)
null

log信息

INFO [12-16|20:18:58.564] Submitted transaction                    fullhash=0x5a3687165263503df5d38db988c0e8c294f3ea2c9999fb13ef39bebbc3e2b529 recipient=0x55Db8f37a9c6C226cf2eaf88874E68267aDa9fbE
INFO [12-16|20:19:00.654] Commit new mining work                   number=375 sealhash="15da0e…0a5a7a" uncles=0 txs=0 gas=0 fees=0 elapsed=40.693ms
INFO [12-16|20:19:07.581] Looking for peers                        peercount=0 tried=111 static=0
INFO [12-16|20:19:13.093] Successfully sealed new block            number=375 sealhash="15da0e…0a5a7a" hash="b4267f…f21604" elapsed=27.515s
INFO [12-16|20:19:13.104] ? block reached canonical chain          number=368 hash="e3095b…1f016d"
INFO [12-16|20:19:13.156] Commit new mining work                   number=376 sealhash="3b4977…82ddd5" uncles=0 txs=0 gas=0 fees=0 elapsed=62.815ms
INFO [12-16|20:19:13.157] Commit new mining work                   number=376 sealhash="3b4977…82ddd5" uncles=0 txs=0 gas=0 fees=0 elapsed=63.778ms
INFO [12-16|20:19:13.158] ? mined potential block                  number=375 hash="b4267f…f21604"
INFO [12-16|20:19:17.760] Looking for peers                        peercount=0 tried=27  static=0
INFO [12-16|20:19:24.819] Successfully sealed new block            number=376 sealhash="3b4977…82ddd5" hash="96e5d3…75b00b" elapsed=11.714s
INFO [12-16|20:19:24.819] ? block reached canonical chain          number=369 hash="cc0b6b…2f7d99"

六、查看收款账户余额

> web3.fromWei(eth.getBalance(eth.accounts[1]))
570
收款账户没收到转账,以太没有变化

七、查看交易信息

> eth.getTransaction("0x5a3687165263503df5d38db988c0e8c294f3ea2c9999fb13ef39bebbc3e2b529")
{
  blockHash: null,
  blockNumber: null,
  from: "0x960e9241a17c7e095e8480870d4d381e8a550163",
  gas: 21000,
  gasPrice: 1000000000,
  hash: "0x5a3687165263503df5d38db988c0e8c294f3ea2c9999fb13ef39bebbc3e2b529",
  input: "0x",
  nonce: 3,
  r: "0x842ec6a9e84e0c782660a6f113159f920c4a4434f5d3fe658b7df3394be1489",
  s: "0x112e3958f814401e6f0681787b689595e7c0150b7176ab23ef97cdacffbb7541",
  to: "0x55db8f37a9c6c226cf2eaf88874e68267ada9fbe",
  transactionIndex: null,
  v: "0x42",
  value: 10000000000000000000
}

八、其它说明 (1)在geth --datadir . --dev console 2>output.log下可以转账,启动后ip是127.0.0.1。 (2)在geth --datadir . --networkid 15 --rpc console 2>output.log转账也是无法成功。

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3 个回答

Tiny熊 - 布道者
  擅长:智能合约,以太坊
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yjh
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yjh
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  • yjh 提出于 2020-12-16 20:29